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Section: New Results

Asymptotic analysis

In [18], C. Cancès et al. derive the porous medium equation as the hydrodynamic limit of an interacting particle system which belongs to the family of exclusion processes, with nearest neighbor exchanges. The particles follow a degenerate dynamics, in the sense that the jump rates can vanish for certain configurations, and there exist blocked configurations that cannot evolve. Our approach, which is based on the relative entropy method, is tailored to deal with vanishing initial densities.

In [13], A. Ait Hammou Oulhaj, C. Cancès, C. Chainais-Hillairet et al. study the large-time behavior of the solutions to a two-phase extension of the porous media equation, which models the seawater intrusion problem. Their goal is to identify the self-similar solutions that correspond to steady-states of a rescaled version of the problem. They fully characterize the unique steady-states that are identified as minimizers of a convex energy and shown to be radially symmetric. Moreover, they prove the convergence of the solution to the time-dependent model towards the unique stationary state as time goes to infinity. They also provide numerical illustrations of the stationary states and exhibit numerical convergence rates.

In [16], C. Chainais-Hillairet et al. propose a new proof of existence of a solution to the scheme introduced in [1] for drift-diffusion systems, which does not require any assumption on the time step. The result relies on the application of a topological degree argument which is based on the positivity and on uniform-in-time upper bounds of the approximate densities. They also establish uniform-in-time lower bounds satisfied by the approximate densities. These uniform-in-time upper and lower bounds ensure the exponential decay of the scheme towards the thermal equilibrium as shown in [1].

In [26], C. Chainais-Hillairet and M. Herda study the large-time behavior of the solutions to Finite Volume discretizations of convection-diffusion equations or systems endowed with non-homogeneous Dirichlet and Neumann type boundary conditions. Their results concern various linear and nonlinear models such as Fokker–Planck equations, porous media equations, or drift-diffusion systems for semiconductors. For all of these models, some relative entropy principle is satisfied and implies exponential decay to the stationary state. They show that in the framework of Finite Volume schemes on orthogonal meshes, a large class of two-point monotone fluxes preserve this exponential decay of the discrete solution to the discrete steady-state of the scheme.

In [49], C. Cancès, C. Chainais-Hillairet, M. Herda et al. analyze the large-time behavior of a family of nonlinear finite volume schemes for anisotropic convection-diffusion equations set in a bounded bidimensional domain and endowed with either Dirichlet and/or no-flux boundary conditions. They show that the solutions to the two-point flux approximation (TPFA) and discrete duality finite volume (DDFV) schemes under consideration converge exponentially fast toward their steady-state. The analysis relies on discrete entropy estimates and discrete functional inequalities. As a by-product of their analysis, they establish new discrete Poincaré–Wirtinger, Beckner and logarithmic Sobolev inequalities. Their theoretical results are illustrated by numerical simulations.

In [56], C. Chainais-Hillairet et al. introduce a nonlinear DDFV scheme for an anisotropic linear convection-diffusion equation with mixed boundary conditions and establish the exponential decay of the scheme towards its steady-state.

In [39], A. Zurek studies the large-time regime of the moving interface appearing in a concrete carbonation model. He proves that the approximate free boundary, given by an implicit-in-time Finite Volume scheme, propagates in time following a t-law. This result is illustrated by numerical experiments.

In [17], M. Herda, T. Rey et al. are interested in the asymptotic analysis of a Finite Volume scheme for one-dimensional linear kinetic equations, with either Fokker–Planck or linearized BGK collision operator. Thanks to appropriate uniform estimates, they establish that the proposed scheme is asymptotic-preserving in the diffusive limit. Moreover, they adapt to the discrete framework the hypocoercivity method proposed in [95] to prove the exponential return to equilibrium of the approximate solution. They obtain decay estimates that are uniform in the diffusive limit. Finally, they present an efficient implementation of the proposed numerical schemes, and perform numerous numerical simulations assessing their accuracy and efficiency in capturing the correct asymptotic behaviors of the models.

In [44], M. Herda et al. are interested in the large-time behavior of linear kinetic equations with heavy-tailed local equilibria. Their main contribution concerns the kinetic Lévy–Fokker–Planck equation, for which they adapt hypocoercivity techniques in order to show that solutions converge exponentially fast to the global equilibrium. Compared to the classical kinetic Fokker–Planck equation, the issues here concern the lack of symmetry of the non-local Lévy–Fokker–Planck operator and the understanding of its regularization properties. As a complementary related result, they also treat the case of the heavy-tailed BGK equation.

In [35], M. Herda et al. consider various sets of Vlasov–Fokker–Planck equations modeling the dynamics of charged particles in a plasma under the effect of a strong magnetic field. For each of them, in a regime where the strength of the magnetic field is effectively stronger than that of collisions, they first formally derive asymptotically reduced models. In this regime, strong anisotropic phenomena occur; while equilibrium along magnetic field lines is asymptotically reached, the asymptotic models capture a nontrivial dynamics in the perpendicular directions. They do check that in any case the obtained asymptotic model defines a well-posed dynamical system and when self-consistent electric fields are neglected they provide a rigorous mathematical justification of the formally derived systems. In this last step they provide a complete control on solutions by developing anisotropic hypocoercive estimates.

In [45], T. Rey et al. propose a new mathematical model intended to describe dynamically the evolution of knowledge in structured societies of interacting individuals. This process, termed cumulative culture, has been extensively studied by evolutionary anthropologists, both theoretically and experimentally. Some of the mathematical properties of the new model are analyzed, and exponential convergence towards a global equilibrium is shown for a simplified model. A numerical method is finally proposed to simulate the complete model.

In [43], following the ideas of V. V. Zhikov and A. L. Pyatnitskii, and more precisely the stochastic two-scale convergence, B. Merlet et al. establish a homogenization theorem in a stochastic setting for two nonlinear equations: the equation of harmonic maps into the sphere and the Landau–Lifshitz equation. Homogenization results for nonlinear problems are known to be difficult. In this particular case the equations have strong nonlinear features, in particular, in general their solutions are not unique. Here the authors take advantage of the different equivalent definitions of weak solutions to the nonlinear problem to apply typical linear homogenization recipes.