Team, Visitors, External Collaborators
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Section: New Results

Multichannel Speech Separation and Enhancement Using the Convolutive Transfer Function

We addressed the problem of speech separation and enhancement from multichannel convolutive and noisy mixtures, assuming known mixing filters. We proposed to perform the speech separation and enhancement tasks in the short-time Fourier transform domain, using the convolutive transfer function (CTF) approximation [43], [44]. Compared to time-domain filters, CTF has much less taps, consequently it has less near-common zeros among channels and less computational complexity. The work proposes three speech-source recovery methods, namely: (i) the multichannel inverse filtering method, i.e. the multiple input/output inverse theorem (MINT), is exploited in the CTF domain, and for the multi-source case, (ii) a beamforming-like multichannel inverse filtering method applying single source MINT and using power minimization, which is suitable whenever the source CTFs are not all known, and (iii) a constrained Lasso method, where the sources are recovered by minimizing the 1-norm to impose their spectral sparsity, with the constraint that the 2-norm fitting cost, between the microphone signals and the mixing model involving the unknown source signals, is less than a tolerance. The noise can be reduced by setting a tolerance onto the noise power. Experiments under various acoustic conditions are carried out to evaluate the three proposed methods. The comparison between them as well as with the baseline methods is presented.