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Section: New Results

Optimal Multivariate Gaussian Fitting with Applications to PSF Modeling in Two-Photon Microscopy Imaging

Participants: Emilie Chouzenoux, Jean-Christophe Pesquet (Collaboration: Claire Lefort, XLIM, Limoges, Tim Tsz-Kit Lau, Northwestern University, USA)

Fitting Gaussian functions to empirical data is a crucial task in a variety of scientific applications, especially in image processing. However, most of the existing approaches for performing such fitting are restricted to two dimensions and they cannot be easily extended to higher dimensions. Moreover, they are usually based on alternating minimization schemes which benefit from few theoretical guarantees in the underlying nonconvex setting. In the paper [12], we provided a novel variational formulation of the multivariate Gaussian fitting problem, which is applicable to any dimension and accounts for possible non-zero background and noise in the input data. The block multiconvexity of our objective function leads us to propose a proximal alternating method to minimize it in order to estimate the Gaussian shape parameters. The resulting FIGARO algorithm is shown to converge to a critical point under mild assumptions. The algorithm shows a good robustness when tested on synthetic datasets. To demonstrate the versatility of FIGARO, we also illustrate its excellent performance in the fitting of the Point Spread Functions of experimental raw data from a two-photon fluorescence microscope.