Team, Visitors, External Collaborators
Overall Objectives
Research Program
Application Domains
Highlights of the Year
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
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Section: New Results

Implications of User Perceived Page Load Time Multi-Modality on Web QoE Measurement

Participants: Renata Teixeira, Vassilis Christophides (MiMove), Flavia Salutari, Diego Da Hora (Telecom Paris Tech), Matteo Varvello (Brave Software), Dario Rossi (Huawei)

Web browsing is one of the most popular applications for both desktop and mobile users. A lot of effort has been devoted to speedup the Web, as well as in designing metrics that can accurately tell whether a webpage loaded fast or not. An often implicit assumption made by industrial and academic research communities is that a single metric is sufficient to assess whether a webpage loaded fast. In this work we collect and make publicly available a unique dataset which contains webpage features (e.g., number and type of embedded objects) along with both objective and subjective Web quality metrics. This dataset was collected by crawling over 100 websites—representative of the top 1 M websites in the Web—while crowdsourcing 6,000 user opinions on user perceived page load time (uPLT). In contrast to related work, we show that the uPLT distribution is often multimodal and that, in practice, no more than three modes are present. The main conclusion drawn from our analysis is that, for complex webpages, each of the different objective QoE metrics proposed in the literature (such as AFT, TTI, PLT, etc.) is suited to approximate one of the different uPLT modes.