Team, Visitors, External Collaborators
Overall Objectives
Research Program
Highlights of the Year
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
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Section: New Results

Sensor and hardware based research

Fiber optic and interferometry

Participants : Xavier Chapeleau, Antoine Bassil.

The assessment of Coda Wave Interferometry (CWI) and Distributed Fiber Optics Sensing (DFOS) techniques for the detection of damages in a laboratory size reinforced concrete beam is presented in this paper. The sensitivity of these two novel techniques to micro cracks is discussed and compared to standard traditional sensors. Moreover, the capacity of a DFOS technique to localize cracks and quantify crack openings is also assessed. The results show that the implementation of CWI and DFOS techniques allow the detection of early subtle changes in reinforced concrete structures until crack formation. With their ability to quantify the crack opening, following early detection and localization, DFOS techniques can achieve more effective monitoring of reinforced concrete structures. Contrary to discrete sensors, CWI and DFOS techniques cover larger areas and thus provide more efficient infrastructures asset management and maintenance operations throughout the lifetime of the structure.

Offset Tracking of sensor clock using Kalman filter for wireless network synchronization

Participants : David Pallier, Vincent Le Cam, Qinghua Zhang.

Wireless Sensors Networks (WSN) are more and more used in structural health monitoring applications since they represent a less expensive and non-invasive way to monitor infrastructures. Most of these applications work by merging or comparing data from several sensors located across the structure. These data often comprise measurements of physicals phenomenons evolving with time, such as acceleration and temperature. To merge or compare time-dependent data from different sensors they need to be synchronized so all the samples are time-stamped with the same time reference. An initial synchronization of the sensors is needed because sensors are independent and therefore can not be all started at the same time. Subsequent re-synchronizations are also needed since the sensors keep track of time using their imperfect local clock. This work has been presented in [34].

Wireless implementation of system identification techniques

Participants : Michael Doehler, Mathieu Le Pen, Vincent Le Cam, Laurent Mevel.

Embedded wireless platforms such as the PEGASE platform are appealing and suitable to collect vibration data and then perform off-line and remote computation easily. To obtain detailed modal information of large and very large structures, many sensors would be required to cover the geometry of the structure with a reasonable accuracy. However, when only a limited amount of sensors is available, large structures can be measured in several sensor setups, where some sensors remain fixed and some are moved between different measurement setups. With the sensors connected to different wireless platforms, the synchronous acquisition of data is required. In this paper, a solution of data acquisition synchronization, as well as signal processing for merging the information taking into account the change of sensor positions and environmental variability is presented.

Management of Cloud architectures

Participants : Jean Dumoulin, Laurent Mevel.

Cloud2IR is an autonomous software architecture, allowing multi-sensor connection, dedicated to the long term thermal monitoring of infrastructures. The system has been developed in order to cut down software integration time facilitating the system adaptation to each experiment. First, a generic unit, a data management side able to aggregate any sensor data, type or size, automatically encapsulating them in various generic data format such as hierarchical data format or cloud data such as opengis standard. This whole part is also in charge of the acquisition scenario, the local storage management and the network management. Second, a specialized unit where the sensor specific development fitted to experimental requirements are addressed. The system has been deployed on two test sites for more than one year. It aggregates various sensor data issued from infrared thermal cameras, GPS units, pyranometers, weather stations. The software and some results in outdoor conditions are discussed