Team, Visitors, External Collaborators
Overall Objectives
Research Program
Highlights of the Year
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
XML PDF e-pub
PDF e-Pub

Section: New Results

Self-organization, routing and orchestration

Participants : Nathalie Mitton, Valeria Loscri, Brandon Foubert.

By offering low-latency and context-aware services, fog computing will have a peculiar role in the deployment of Internet of Things (IoT) applications for smart environments. Unlike the conventional remote cloud, for which consolidated architectures and deployment options exist, many design and implementation aspects remain open when considering the latest fog computing paradigm. In [9], we focus on the problems of dynamically discovering the processing and storage resources distributed among fog nodes and, accordingly, orchestrating them for the provisioning of IoT services for smart environments. In particular, we show how these functionalities can be effectively supported by the revolutionary Named Data Networking (NDN) paradigm. Originally conceived to support named content delivery, NDN can be extended to request and provide named computation services, with NDN nodes acting as both content routers and in-network service executors. To substantiate our analysis, we present an NDN fog computing framework with focus on a smart campus scenario, where the execution of IoT services is dynamically orchestrated and performed by NDN nodes in a distributed fashion. A simulation campaign in ndnSIM, the reference network simulator of the NDN research community, is also presented to assess the performance of our proposal against state-of-the-art solutions. Results confirm the superiority of the proposal in terms of service provisioning time, paid at the expenses of a slightly higher amount of traffic exchanged among fog nodes.

[26] proposes FLY-COPE, a complete self-organization architecture that relies on cooperative communications and drone-assisted data collection, allowing a fast location of victims and rescuing operation organization in disaster relief operation. FLY-COPE mainly combines two components: i) a ground component that spontaneously emerges from any communicating devices (piece of infrastructure, mobile phone, etc) that cooperate to alert rescuers and remain all alive as long as possible and ii) an aerial component comprising UAV to communicate efficiently with ground devices. We show by simulation and/or by experimentation that each component of FLY-COPE allows substantial energy saving for efficient and fast disaster response.

The IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks (RPL) builds a Direction Oriented Directed Acyclic Graph (DODAG) rooted at one node. This node may act as a border router to provide Internet connectivity to the members of the DODAG but such a situation creates a single point of failure. Upon border router failure, all nodes connected to the DODAG are affected as all ongoing communications are instantly broken and no new communications can be initiated. Moreover, nodes close to the border router should forward traffic from farther nodes in addition to their own, which may cause congestion and energy depletion inequality. In [20], we specify a full solution to enable border router redundancy in RPL networks. To achieve this, we propose a mechanism leveraging cooperation between colocated RPL networks. It enables failover to maintain Internet connectivity and load balancing to improve the overall energy consumption and bandwidth. Our contribution has been implemented in Contiki OS and was evaluated through experiments performed on the FIT IoT-LAB testbed.