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Section: New Results

Analysis of some wave problems

On well-posedness of time-harmonic problems in an unbounded strip for a thin plate model

L. Bourgeois, L. Chesnel, S. Fliss

We study the propagation of elastic waves in the time-harmonic regime in a waveguide which is unbounded in one direction and bounded in the two other (transverse) directions. We assume that the waveguide is thin in one of these transverse directions, which leads us to consider a Kirchhoff-Love plate model in a locally perturbed 2D strip. For time harmonic scattering problems in unbounded domains, well-posedness does not hold in a classical setting and it is necessary to prescribe the behaviour of the solution at infinity. This is challenging for the model that we consider and constitutes our main contribution. Two types of boundary conditions are considered: either the strip is simply supported or the strip is clamped. The two boundary conditions are treated with two different methods. For the simply supported problem, the analysis is based on a result of Hilbert basis in the transverse section. For the clamped problem, this property does not hold. Instead we adopt the Kondratiev's approach, based on the use of the Fourier transform in the unbounded direction, together with techniques of weighted Sobolev spaces with detached asymptotics. After introducing radiation conditions, the corresponding scattering problems are shown to be well-posed in the Fredholm sense. We also show that the solutions are the physical (outgoing) solutions in the sense of the limiting absorption principle. [5]

Domain decomposition preconditioning for the high-frequency time-harmonic Maxwell equations with absorption

M. Bonazzoli, V. Dolean, I. G. Graham, E. A. Spence and P.-H. Tournier

In this work we rigorously analyse preconditioners for the time-harmonic Maxwell equations with absorption, where the PDE is discretised using curl-conforming finite-element methods of fixed, arbitrary order and the preconditioner is constructed using additive Schwarz domain decomposition methods. The theory we developed shows that if the absorption is large enough, and if the subdomain and coarse mesh diameters and overlap are chosen appropriately, then the classical two-level overlapping additive Schwarz preconditioner (with PEC boundary conditions on the subdomains) performs optimally–in the sense that GMRES converges in a wavenumber-independent number of iterations–for the problem with absorption. An important feature of the theory is that it allows the coarse space to be built from low-order elements even if the PDE is discretised using high-order elements. It also shows that additive methods with minimal overlap can be robust. Several numerical experiments illustrate the theory and its dependence on various parameters. These experiments motivate some extensions of the preconditioners which have better robustness for problems with less absorption, including the propagative case. Finally, we illustrate the performance of these on two substantial applications; the first (a problem with absorption arising from medical imaging) shows the empirical robustness of the preconditioner against heterogeneity, and the second (scattering by a COBRA cavity) shows good scalability of the preconditioner with up to 3,000 processors [3].

Multi-Trace FEM-BEM formulation for acoustic scattering by composite objects

M. Bonazzoli, X. Claeys

This work is about the scattering of an acoustic wave by an object composed of piecewise homogenous parts and an arbitrarily heterogeneous part. We propose and analyze a formulation that couples, adopting a Costabel-type approach, boundary integral equations for the homogeneous subdomains with domain variational formulations for the heterogenous subdomain. This is an extension of Costabel FEM-BEM coupling to a multi-domain configuration, with junctions points allowed, i.e. points where three or more subdomains abut. Usually just the exterior unbounded subdomain is treated with the BEM; here we wish to exploit the BEM whenever it is applicable, that is for all the homogenous parts of the scattering object, since it yields a reduction in the number of unknowns compared to the FEM. Our formulation is based on the multi-trace formalism for acoustic scattering by piecewise homogeneous objects; here we allow the wavenumber to vary arbitrarily in a part of the domain. We prove that the bilinear form associated with the proposed formulation satisfies a Gårding coercivity inequality, which ensures stability of the variational problem if it is uniquely solvable. We identify conditions for injectivity and construct modified versions immune to spurious resonances. An article on this topic is under preparation.

Domain decomposition preconditioners for non-self-adjoint or indefinite problems

M. Bonazzoli, X. Claeys, F. Nataf, P.-H. Tournier

The matrices arising from the finite element discretization of problems such as high-frequency Helmholtz, time-harmonic Maxwell or convection-diffusion equations are not self-adjoint or positive definite. For this reason, it is difficult to analyze the convergence of Schwarz domain decomposition preconditioners applied to these problems. Note also that the conjugate gradient method cannot be used, and the analysis of the spectrum of the preconditioned matrix is not sufficient for methods suited for general matrices such as GMRES. In order to apply Elman-type estimates for the convergence of GMRES we need to prove an upper bound on the norm of the preconditioned matrix, and a lower bound on the distance of its field of values from the origin. We generalize the theory for the Helmholtz equation developed for the SORAS (Symmetrized Optimized Restricted Additive Schwarz) preconditioner, and we identify a list of assumptions and estimates that are sufficient to prove the two bounds needed for the convergence analysis for a general linear system. As an illustration of this technique, we prove estimates for the heterogenous reaction-convection-diffusion equation. An article on this topic is under preparation.