Team, Visitors, External Collaborators
Overall Objectives
Research Program
Application Domains
Highlights of the Year
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
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Section: New Results

Network data exploitation

Participants: Florent Delaine, Panagiota Katsikouli, Hervé Rivano, Razvan Stanica

Calibration algorithms for environmental sensor networks

The recent developments in both nanotechnologies and wireless technologies have enabled the rise of small, low cost and energy efficient environmental sensing devices. Many projects involving dense sensor networks deployments have followed, in particular within the Smart City trend. If such deployments are now within economical and technical reach, their maintenance and reliability remain however a challenge. In particular, reaching, then maintaining, the targeted quality of measurement throughout deployment duration is an important issue. Indeed, factory calibration is too expensive for systematic application to low-cost sensors and as these sensors are usually prone to drifting because of premature aging. In addition, there are concerns about the applicability of factory calibration to field conditions [4]. These challenges have fostered many researches on in situ calibration. In situ means that the sensors are calibrated without removing them from their deployment location, preferably without physical intervention, often leveraging their communication capabilities. It is a critical challenge for the economical sustainability of networks with large scale deployments. In this work, we focus on in situ calibration methods for environmental sensor networks. We propose a taxonomy of the methodologies in the literature. Our classification relies on both the architecture of the network of sensors and the algorithmic principles of the calibration methods. This review allows us to identify and discuss two main challenges: how to improve the performance evaluation of such methods and how to enable a quantified comparison of these strategies?

Characterizing and Removing Oscillations in Mobile Phone Location Data

Human mobility analysis is a multidisciplinary research subject that has attracted a growing interest over the last decade. A substantial amount of such recent studies is driven by the availability of original sources of real-world information about individual movement patterns. An important task in the analysis of mobility data is reliably distinguishing between the stop locations and movement phases that compose the trajectories of the monitored subjects. The problem is especially challenging when mobility is inferred from mobile phone location data: here, oscillations in the association of mobile devices to base stations lead to apparent user mobility even in absence of actual movement [10]. In this work, we leverage a unique dataset of spatiotemporal individual trajectories that allows capturing both the user and network operator perspectives in mobile phone location data, and investigate the oscillation phenomenon. We present probabilistic and machine learning approaches for detecting oscillations in mobile phone location data, and a filtering technique for removing those. Our analyses and comparison with state-of-the-art approaches demonstrate the superiority of our solution, both in terms of removed oscillations and of error with respect to ground-truth trajectories.