Team, Visitors, External Collaborators
Overall Objectives
Research Program
Application Domains
Highlights of the Year
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
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Section: New Results

Wireless data collection

Participants: Oana Iova, Abderrahman Ben Khalifa, Razvan Stanica

Reliable and efficient support for downward traffic in RPL

Modern protocols for wireless sensor networks efficiently support multi-hop upward traffic from many sensors to a collection point, a key functionality enabling monitoring applications. However, the ever-evolving scenarios involving low-power wireless devices increasingly require support also for downward traffic, e.g., enabling a controller to issue actuation commands based on the monitored data. The IETF Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks (RPL) is among the few tackling both traffic patterns. Unfortunately, its support for downward traffic is significantly unreliable and inefficient compared to its upward counterpart. We tackle this problem by extending RPL with mechanisms inspired by opposed, yet complementary, principles [7]. At one extreme, we retain the route-based operation of RPL and devise techniques allowed by the standard but commonly neglected by popular implementations. At the other extreme, we rely on flooding as the main networking primitive. Inspired by these principles, we define three base mechanisms, integrate them in a popular RPL implementation, analyze their individual and combined performance, and elicit the resulting tradeoffs in scalability, reliability, and energy consumption. The evaluation relies on simulation, using both real-world topologies from a smart city scenario and synthetic grid ones, as well as on testbed experiments validating our findings from simulation. Results show that the combination of all three mechanisms into a novel protocol, T-RPL i) yields high reliability, close to the one of flooding, ii) with a low energy consumption, similar to route-based approaches, and iii) improves remarkably the scalability of RPL w.r.t. downward traffic.

Performance evaluation of LED-to-camera communications

The use of LED-to-camera communication opens the door to a wide range of use cases and applications, with diverse requirements in terms of quality of service. However, while analytical models and simulation tools exist for all the major radio communication technologies, the only way of currently evaluating the performance of a network mechanism over LED-to-camera is to implement and test it. Our work aims to fill this gap by proposing a Markov-modulated Bernoulli process to model the wireless channel in LED-to-camera communications, which is shown to closely match experimental results [11]. Based on this model, we develop and validate CamComSim, the first network simulator for LED-to-camera communications.

Performance evaluation of channel access methods for dedicated IoT networks

Networking technologies dedicated for the Internet of Things are different from the classical mobile networks in terms of architecture and applications. This new type of network is facing several challenges to satisfy specific user requirements. Sharing the communication medium between (hundreds of) thousands of connected nodes and one base station is one of these main requirements, hence the necessity to imagine new solutions, or to adapt existing ones, for medium access control. In this work, we start by comparing two classical medium access control protocols, CSMA/CA and Aloha, in the context of Internet of Things dedicated networks [13]. We continue by evaluating a specific adaptation of Aloha, already used in low-power wide area networks, where no acknowledgement messages are transmitted in the network. Finally, we apply the same concept to CSMA/CA, showing that this can bring a number of benefits. The results we obtain after a thorough simulation study show that the choice of the best protocol depends on many parameters (number of connected objects, traffic arrival rate, allowed retransmission number), as well as on the metric of interest (e.g. packet reception probability or energy consumption).

On the use of wide channels in WiFi networks

An increased density of access points is common today in WiFi deployments, and more and more parameters need to be configured in such networks. In this work, we question current industrial guidelines for both residential and enterprise scenarios [14]. More precisely, we investigate the joint channel, power, and carrier sense threshold allocation problem in IEEE 802.11ac networks, showing that the current practice, which is to use narrower channels at maximum power when the deployment is dense, yields much worse performance than a solution using the widest possible channel with a much lower power.