Team, Visitors, External Collaborators
Overall Objectives
Research Program
Application Domains
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
XML PDF e-pub
PDF e-Pub

Section: New Results

Virtual FFR quantified with a generalized flow model using Windkessel boundary conditions ; Application to a patient-specific coronary tree

Participants : Abderrahmane Habbal, Keltoum Chahour [PhD, ACUMES and EMI, Univ. Mohammed V] , Rajae Aboulaich [EMI, Univ. Mohammed V] , Nejib Zemzemi [Inria Bordeaux, EPI CARMEN] , Mickaël Binois.

Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has proved its efficiency in improving patients diagnosis. From both economical and clinical viewpoints, a realistic simulation of vascular blood flow inside the coronary arteries could be a better alternative to the invasive FFR. In this view, we consider a 2D reconstructed left coronary tree with two artificial lesions of different degrees. We use a generalized fluid model with a Carreau law and use a coupled multidomain method to implement Windkessel boundary conditions at the outlets. We introduce our methodology to quantify the virtual FFR, and lead several numerical experiments. We compare FFR results from Navier Stokes versus generalized flow model, and for Windkessel versus traction free outlets boundary conditions or mixed outlets boundary conditions. We also investigate some sources of uncertainty that the FFR index might encounter during the invasive procedure, in particular the arbitrary position of the distal sensor. The computational FFR results show that the degree of stenosis is not enough to classify a lesion, while there is a good agreement between Navier Stokes and the non Newtonian flow model adopted in classifying coronary lesions. Furthermore, we highlight that the lack of standardization while making FFR measurement might be misleading regarding the significance of stenosis [76].