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Section: New Results

Non-local conservation laws

Participants : Felisia Angela Chiarello, Paola Goatin, Elena Rossi, Jan Friedrich [U Mannheim, Germany] , Simone Göttlich [U Mannheim, Germany] , Jennifer Kotz [U Mannheim, Germany] , Luis Miguel Villada [U Bìo-Bìo, Chile] .

F.A. Chiarello's PhD thesis focused on non-local conservation laws. In [23], we proved the stability of entropy weak solutions, considering smooth kernels. We obtained an estimate on the dependence of the solution with respect to the kernel function, the speed and the initial datum, applying the doubling of variables technique. We also provided some numerical simulations illustrating the dependencies above for some cost functionals derived from traffic flow applications.

In the paper [22], we proved the existence for small times of weak solutions for a class of non-local systems in one space dimension, arising in traffic modeling. We approximated the problem by a Godunov type numerical scheme and we provided uniform L and BV estimates for the sequence of approximate solutions. We showed some numerical simulations illustrating the behavior of different classes of vehicles and we analyzed two cost functionals measuring the dependence of congestion on traffic composition.

We also conducted a study on Lagrangian-Antidiffusive Remap schemes (previously proposed for classical hyperbolic systems) for the above mentioned non-local multi-class traffic flow model. The error and convergence analysis show the effectiveness of the method, which is first order, in sharply capturing shock discontinuities, and better precision with respect to other methods as Lax-Friedrichs or Godunov (even 2nd order). A journal article about these results has been published [24]. Besides, high-order numerical schemes for the same model were proposed in  [78].

Finally, in [21], we present a model for a class of non-local conservation laws arising in traffic flow modeling at road junctions. Instead of a single velocity function for the whole road, we consider two different road segments, which may differ for their speed law and number of lanes (hence their maximal vehicle density). We use an upwind type numerical scheme to construct a sequence of approximate solutions and we provide uniform L and total variation estimates. In particular, the solutions of the proposed model stay positive and below the maximum density of each road segment. Using a Lax-Wendroff type argument and the doubling of variables technique, we prove the well-posedness of the proposed model. Finally, some numerical simulations are provided and compared with the corresponding (discontinuous) local model.

Besides, in [31], we focus on finite volume approximation schemes to solve a non-local material flow model in two space dimensions. Based on the numerical discretisation with dimensional splitting, we prove the convergence of the approximate solutions, where the main difficulty arises in the treatment of the discontinuity occurring in the flux function. In particular, we compare a Roe-type scheme to the well-established Lax-Friedrichs method and provide a numerical study highlighting the benefits of the Roe discretisation. We also prove the L1-Lipschitz continuous dependence on the initial datum, ensuring the uniqueness of the solution.