Team, Visitors, External Collaborators
Overall Objectives
Research Program
Application Domains
Highlights of the Year
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
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Section: New Results

HPC Component Models and Runtimes

Participants : Thierry Gautier, Christian Perez, Jérôme Richard.

On the Impact of OpenMP Task Granularity

Tasks are a good support for composition. During the development of a high-level component model for HPC, we have experimented to manage parallelism from components using OpenMP tasks. Since version 4-0, the standard proposes a model with dependent tasks that seems very attractive because it enables the description of dependencies between tasks generated by different components without breaking maintainability constraints such as separation of concerns. In [20], we present our feedback on using OpenMP in our context. We discover that our main issues are a too coarse task granularity for our expected performance on classical OpenMP runtimes, and a harmful task throttling heuristic counter-productive for our applications. We present a completion time breakdown of task management in the Intel OpenMP runtime and propose extensions evaluated on a testbed application coming from the Gysela application in plasma physics.

Building and Auto-Tuning Computing Kernels: Experimenting with BOAST and StarPU in the GYSELA Code

Modeling turbulent transport is a major goal in order to predict confinement performance in a tokamak plasma. The gyrokinetic framework considers a computational domain in five dimensions to look at kinetic issues in a plasma; this leads to huge computational needs. Therefore, optimization of the code is an especially important aspect, especially since coprocessors and complex manycore architectures are foreseen as building blocks for Exascale systems. This project [6] aims to evaluate the applicability of two auto-tuning approaches with the BOAST and StarPU tools on the gysela code in order to circumvent performance portability issues. A specific computation intensive kernel is considered in order to evaluate the benefit of these methods. StarPU enables to match the performance and even sometimes outperform the hand-optimized version of the code while leaving scheduling choices to an automated process. BOAST on the other hand reveals to be well suited to get a gain in terms of execution time on four architectures. Speedups in-between 1.9 and 5.7 are obtained on a cornerstone computation intensive kernel.