Application Domains
New Software and Platforms
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
Bibliography
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## Section: Partnerships and Cooperations

### European Initiatives

#### FP7 & H2020 Projects

##### ERC Matryoshka
• Program: European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program

• Project acronym: Matryoshka

• Duration: April 2017 – March 2022

• Coordinator: Jasmin Blanchette (VU Amsterdam)

• Proof assistants are increasingly used to verify hardware and software and to formalize mathematics. However, despite the success stories, they remain very laborious to use. The situation has improved with the integration of first-order automatic theorem provers—superposition provers and SMT (satisfiability modulo theories) solvers—through middleware such as Sledgehammer for Isabelle/HOL and HOLyHammer for HOL Light and HOL4; but this research has now reached the point of diminishing returns. Only so much can be done when viewing automatic provers as black boxes.

To make interactive verification more cost-effective, we propose to deliver very high levels of automation to users of proof assistants by fusing and extending two lines of research: automatic and interactive theorem proving. This is our grand challenge. Our starting point is that first-order (FO) automatic provers are the best tools available for performing most of the logical work. Our approach will be to enrich superposition and SMT with higher-order (HO) reasoning in a careful manner, in order to preserve their desirable properties. We will design proof rules and strategies, guided by representative benchmarks from interactive verification.

With higher-order superposition and higher-order SMT in place, we will develop highly automatic provers building on modern superposition provers and SMT solvers, following a novel stratified architecture. To reach end users, these new provers will be integrated in proof assistants and will be available as backends to more specialized verification tools. The users of proof assistants and similar tools stand to experience substantial productivity gains: From 2010 to 2016, the success rate of automatic provers on interactive proof obligations from a representative benchmark suite called Judgment Day has risen from 47% to 77%; with this project, we aim at 90%–95% proof automation.

The Matryoshka ERC grant of Jasmin Blanchette includes Pascal Fontaine and Uwe Waldmann as senior researchers.

##### FET-Open CSA SC${}^{2}$
• Program: European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program

• Project acronym: SC${}^{2}$

• Project title: Symbolic Computation and Satisfiability Checking

• Duration: July 2016 – August 2018

• Coordinator: James Davenport (U. of Bath, UK)

• Other partners: see http://www.sc-square.org/CSA/welcome.html

• The use of advanced methods for solving practical and industrially relevant problems by computers has a long history. Whereas Symbolic Computation is concerned with the algorithmic determination of exact solutions to complex mathematical problems, more recent developments in the area of Satisfiability Checking tackle similar problems but with different algorithmic and technological solutions.

Though both communities have made remarkable progress in the last decades, they still need to be strengthened to tackle practical problems of rapidly increasing size and complexity. Their separate tools (computer algebra systems and SMT solvers) are urgently needed to examine prevailing problems with a direct effect to our society. For example, Satisfiability Checking is an essential backend for assuring the security and the safety of computer systems. In various scientific areas, Symbolic Computation enables dealing with large mathematical problems out of reach of pencil and paper developments.

Currently the two communities are largely disjoint and unaware of the achievements of each other, despite strong reasons for them to discuss and collaborate, as they share many central interests. However, researchers from these two communities rarely interact, and also their tools lack common, mutual interfaces for unifiying their strengths. Bridges between the communities in the form of common platforms and roadmaps are necessary to initiate an exchange, and to support and to direct their interaction. These are the main objectives of this CSA. We initiate a wide range of activities to bring the two communities together, identify common challenges, offer global events and bilateral visits, propose standards, and so on.

We believe that these activities will foster cross-fertilisation of both fields and bring mutual improvements. Combining the knowledge, experience and the technologies in these communities will enable the development of radically improved software tools.

This project is locally coordinated by Pascal Fontaine.