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Section: New Results

Non-linear MHD simulations of QH-mode DIII-D plasmas : ITER high Q scenarios

Participants : Feng Liu, Guido Huijsmans, Alberto Loarte, Boniface Nkonga.

In nonlinear MHD simulations of DIII-D QH-mode plasmas it has been found that low n kink/peeling modes (KPMs) are unstable and grow to a saturated kink-peeling mode. The features of the dominant saturated KPMs, which are localized toroidally by non-linear coupling of harmonics, such as mode frequencies, density fluctuations and their effect on pedestal particle and energy transport, are in good agreement with the observations of the Edge Harmonic Oscillation (EHO) typically present in DIII-D QH-mode experiments. The non-linear evolution of MHD modes including both kink-peeling modes and ballooning modes, is investigated through MHD simulations by varying the pedestal current and pressure relative to the initial conditions of DIII-D QH-mode plasma. The edge current and pressure at the pedestal are key parameters for the plasma either saturating to a QH-mode regime or a ballooning mode dominant regime. The influence of E×B flow and its shear on the QH-mode plasma has been investigated. E×B flow shear has a strong stabilization effect on the medium to high-n modes but is destabilizing for the n=2 mode. The QH-mode extrapolation results of an ITER Q=10 plasma show that the pedestal currents are large enough to destabilize n=1-5 kink/peeling modes, leading to a stationary saturated kink-peeling mode.