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Section: New Results

FEMs on Composite Meshes for Tuning Plasma Equilibria in Tokamaks

Participants : Holger Heumann, Francesca Rapetti, Xiao Song.

We rely on a combination of different finite element methods on composite meshes, for the simulation of axisymmetric plasma equilibria in tokamaks. One mesh with Cartesian quadrilaterals covers the burning chamber and one mesh with triangles discretizes the region outside the chamber. The two meshes overlap in a narrow region around the chamber. This approach gives the flexibility to achieve easily and at low cost higher order regularity for the approximation of the flux function in the area that is covered by the plasma, while preserving accurate meshing of the geometric details in the exterior. The continuity of the numerical solution across the boundary of each subdomain is enforced by a mortar-like projection. Higher order regularity is very beneficial to improve computational tools for tokamak research. In [13], we showed that the numerical calculation of free boundary plasma equilibria highly benefits from approximating the poloidal flux through some higher regular FE functions in the interior of the limiter. In the present work we show how the composite meshes and higher regular finite element functions allow to single out snowflake configurations, that play an important role to mitigate heat load in divertors. Implementations and numerical test were carried out in FEEQS.M