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Section: New Results

Discrete-time sliding mode control

Participants : Vincent Acary, Bernard Brogliato.

This topic concerns the study of time-discretized sliding-mode controllers. Inspired by the discretization of nonsmooth mechanical systems, we propose implicit discretizations of discontinuous, set-valued controllers [3]. This is shown to result in preservation of essential properties like simplicity of the parameters tuning, suppression of numerical chattering, reachability of the sliding surface after a finite number of steps, and disturbance attenuation by a factor h or h2. This work was part of the ANR project CHASLIM. Within the framework of CHASLIM we have performed many experimental validations on the electropneumatic setup of IRCCyN (Nantes), which nicely confirm our theoretical and numerical predictions: the implicit implementation of sliding mode control, drastically improves the input and output chattering behaviours, both for the classical order-one ECB-SMC and the twisting algorithms. In particular the high frequency bang-bang controllers which are observed with explicit discretizations, are completely suppressed. The implicit discretization has been applied to the classical equivalent-based-control SMC, and also to the twisting sliding-mode controller [48]. The previous results deal with disturbances which are matched and uniformly upperbounded. In [26] the SMC of Lagrange systems is studied. In [35] this is extended to the case of parametric uncertainties, which are more difficult to handle because they may yield unmatched equivalent disturbances, and these disturbances are not uniformly upperbounded by a constant. A nested controller is proposed in [36], using a backstepping-like approach for the controller synthesis.