Overall Objectives
Research Program
Application Domains
Highlights of the Year
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
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Section: New Results

Communication avoiding algorithms for low rank matrix approximation

Our work focuses on computing the low rank approximation of a sparse or dense matrix, while also minimizing communication, [3].

In [21] we introduce an URV Factorization with Random Orthogonal System Mixing. The unpivoted and pivoted Householder QR factorizations are ubiquitous in numerical linear algebra. A difficulty with pivoted Householder QR is the communication bottleneck introduced by pivoting. In this paper we propose using random orthogonal systems to quickly mix together the columns of a matrix before computing an unpivoted QR factorization. This method computes a URV factorization which forgoes expensive pivoted QR steps in exchange for mixing in advance, followed by a cheaper, unpivoted QR factorization. The mixing step typically reduces the variability of the column norms, and in certain experiments allows us to compute an accurate factorization where a plain, unpivoted QR performs poorly. We experiment with linear least-squares, rank-revealing factorizations, and the QLP approximation, and conclude that our randomized URV factorization behaves comparably to a similar randomized rank-revealing URV factorization, but at a fraction of the computational cost. Our experiments provide evidence that our proposed factorization might be rank-revealing with high probability.