Overall Objectives
Research Program
Application Domains
Highlights of the Year
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
XML PDF e-pub
PDF e-Pub

Section: New Results

Vehicular Networks

Participants : Nathalie Mitton, Valeria Loscri.

[27] studies the information delivery delay analysis for roadside unit deployment in a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) with intermittent connectivity. A mathematical model is developed to describe the relationship between the average delay for delivering road condition information and the distance between two neighbor RSUs deployed along a road. The derived mathematical model considers a straight highway scenario where two RSUs are deployed at a distance without any direct connection and vehicles are sparsely distributed on the road with road condition information randomly generated between the two neighbor RSUs. Moreover, the model takes into account the vehicle speed, the vehicle density, the likelihood of an incident, and the distance between two RSUs. The effectiveness of the derived mathematical model is verified through simulation results. Given the information delivery delay constraint of a time-critical application, this model can be used to estimate the maximum distance allowed between two neighbor RSUs, which can provide a reference for the deployment of RSUs in such scenarios.

But Vehicular Networks can also convey social networks. In [53], we survey recent literature on Vehicular Social Networks that are a particular class of vehicular ad hoc networks, characterized by social aspects and features. Starting from this pillar, we investigate perspectives of next generation vehicles under the assumption of social networking for vehicular applications (i.e., safety and entertainment applications). This paper plays a role as a starting point about socially-inspired vehicles, and main related applications, as well as communication techniques. Vehicular communications can be considered as the "first social network for automobiles", since each driver can share data with other neighbors. As an instance, heavy traffic is a common occurrence in some areas on the roads (e.g., at intersections, taxi loading/unloading areas, and so on); as a consequence, roads become a popular social place for vehicles to connect to each other. Human factors are then involved in vehicular ad hoc networks, not only due to the safety related applications, but also for entertainment purpose. Social characteristics and human behavior largely impact on vehicular ad hoc networks, and this arises to the vehicular social networks, which are formed when vehicles (individuals) "socialize" and share common interests. This survey describes the main features of vehicular social networks, from novel emerging technologies to social aspects used for mobile applications, as well as main issues and challenges. Vehicular social networks are described as decentralized opportunistic communication networks formed among vehicles. They exploit mobility aspects, and basics of traditional social networks, in order to create novel approaches of message exchange through the detection of dynamic social structures. An overview of the main state-of-the-art on safety and entertainment applications relying on social networking solutions is also provided.

Cognitive Radio (CR) together with vehicular networks have been considered with an integrated and synergic perspective in [55], since CR technology is foreseen as a very effective tool to improve the communication efficiency in the context of vehicular networked systems.