Overall Objectives
Research Program
Application Domains
Highlights of the Year
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
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Section: New Results

Emergent Behaviors and Traffic Density among Heuristically-Driven Intelligent Vehicles using V2V Communication

Participants : Oyunchimeg Shagdar, Fawzi Nashashibi.

We study the global traffic density and emergent traffic behavior of several hundreds of intelligent vehicles, as a function of V2V communication (for the ego vehicle to perceive traffic) and path-finding heuristics (for the ego vehicle to reach its destination), in urban environments. Ideal/realistic/no V2V communication modes are crossed with straight-line/towards-most-crowded/towards-least-crowded pathfinding heuristics to measure the average trip speed of each vehicle. The behaviors of intelligent vehicles are modeled by a finite state automaton. The V2V communication model is also built based on signal propagation models in an intersection scenario and a Markov-chain based MAC model. Our experiments in simulation over up to 400 vehicles exhibit attractive insights: 1) communication’s impact is positive for the performance of the emergent vehicles’ behavior, however, 2) the path-finding heuristics may not obtain their expected collective behavior due to the communications errors in realistic road environment (cf. [43] ).