Overall Objectives
Research Program
Highlights of the Year
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry
Partnerships and Cooperations
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Section: New Results

Computational Physiology

Computational modeling of radiofrequency ablation for the planning and guidance of abdominal tumor treatment

Participants : Chloé Audigier [Correspondent] , Hervé Delingette, Tommaso Mansi [Siemens] , Nicholas Ayache.

This PhD work was carried out between the Asclepios research group, Inria Sophia Antipolis, France and Medical Imaging Technologies, Healthcare Technology Center, Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Princeton, NJ.

Radiofrequency Ablation Modeling, Patient-Specific Simulation, Lattice Boltzmann Method, Computer Model, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Heat Transfer, Cellular Necrosis, Parameter Estimation, Therapy Planning, Liver, Pre-clinical Study, Medical Imaging

Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA) is a minimally invasive therapy suited for liver tumor ablation. However, a patient-specific predictive tool is needed to plan and guide the treatment.

Figure 12. Computed isotherm at 50°C and computed necrosis in a subject-specific geometry.

We developed a computational framework for patient-specific planning of RFA, which includes the following contributions:

The proposed RFA model and its evaluation on clinical data are presented in [10] , and the evaluation of the RFA model on pre-clinical data is presented in [25] . The proposed model, its personalisation and its evalutation against clinical and preclinical data are presented in Chloé Audigier's PhD thesis [1] .

Learning Cardiac Ablation Targets from Image Data and Simulation

Participants : Rocio Cabrera Lozoya [Correspondent] , Maxime Sermesant, Nicholas Ayache.

This work was supported by the ERC Advanced Grant MedYMA 2011-291080 (on Biophysical Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Medical Images).

Cardiac electrophysiology modeling, Intracardiac electrogram modeling, Machine learning, Radiofrequency ablation planning, electroanatomical mapping, local abnormal ventricular activities (LAVA)

Ventricular radiofrequency ablation can have a critical impact on preventing sudden cardiac arrest but it is challenging due to a highly complex arrhythmogenic substrate. We used advanced delayed enhanced-MR image characteristics in a machine learning framework to predict the presence of local abnormal ventricular activities (LAVA). Furthermore, we enriched these predictions through MR image-based patient-specific electrophysiology simulations and the modeling of normal and LAVA-like intracardiac electrograms using the dipole approach and their incorporation in the learning framework (see Fig. 13 ). Confidence maps can then be generated and analyzed prior to RFA to guide the intervention.

Figure 13. Coupled learning and simulation framework for LAVA identification.

Biophysical Modeling and Simulation of Longitudinal Brain MRIs with Atrophy in Alzheimer's Disease

Participants : Bishesh Khanal [Correspondent] , Nicholas Ayache, Xavier Pennec.

This work has been partly supported by the European Research Council through the ERC Advanced Grant MedYMA (on Biophysical Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Medical Images).

Alzheimer's Disease (AD), modeling brain deformation, biophysical model, simulation

Figure 14. From a given baseline scan and a final scan at time tf, a middle scan at time tm is predicted and simulated. An experimenatal setup that allows comparing the atrophy (ams) estimated from a simulated middle-scan against the atrophy (am) estimated from the real middle scan is shown.

Brain Tumor Growth Personalization and Segmentation Uncertainty

Participants : Matthieu Lê [Correspondent] , Hervé Delingette, Jan Unkelbach, Nicholas Ayache.

This work is carried out between Asclepios research group, Inria Sophia Antipolis, France and the Department of Radiation Oncology of the Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA. It is supported by the ERC Advanced Grant MedYMA 2011-291080 (on Biophysical Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Medical Images).

Tumor growth, radiotherapy, modeling, personalization, segmentation, uncertainty, Bayesian

Figure 15. (Left) Bayesian personalization of a glioblastoma patient. Isocontours of the posterior probability of the diffusion parameter D and the proliferation parameter ρ; (Right) Different sampled plausible segmentations in orange based on the clinical segmentation in red.

Uncertainty quantification in personalised Cardiac models. Application to myocardial fiber uncertainty.

Participants : Roch-Philippe Molléro [Correspondent] , Dominik Neumann [Siemens] , Marc-Michel Rohé, Hervé Delingette, Maxime Sermesant, Xavier Pennec, Nicholas Ayache, Tommaso Mansi [Siemens] .

This work was partly supported by the FP7 European project MD-Paedigree and was done in collaboration with Siemens Corporate Technology, Erlangen, Germany and Siemens Corporate Research, Princeton, New Jersey.

Heart Modeling - Myocardial Fibers - Biophysical Simulation - Uncertainty Quantification

Computational models of the heart are of increasing interest for clinical applications due to their discriminative and predictive power. However, the personalisation step to go from a generic model to a patient-specific one is still challenging. In particular, it is still difficult to quantify the uncertainty on the estimated parameters and predicted values.

Figure 16. Global scheme of fibre variability propagation along the personalisation pipeline.

We developped a pipeline (see Fig. 16 ) to evaluate the impact of myocardial fibre uncertainty on the personalisation of an electromechanical model of the heart from ECG and medical images:

This work led to a paper at FIMH 2015 conference in Maastricht, The Netherlands [45] .

Non-invasive personalisation of the electrical heart model

Participants : Sophie Giffard-Roisin [Correspondent] , Maxime Sermesant, Nicholas Ayache, Hervé Delingette.

This work has been supported by the European Project FP7 under grant agreement VP2HF (no 611823) and the ERC Advanced Grant MedYMA (on Biophysical Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Medical Images).

Cardiac Modelling, Personalised Simulation, Electrical Simulation

Non-invasive cardiac electrical data has been acquired at St Thomas' Hospital, London. It consists in Body Surface Potential Mapping (BSPM), which are recordings of the electrical potential on several locations on the surface of the torso (see Fig. 17 ). From BSPMs and MRI data of the heart, we aim at personalizing the electrical propagation model of the heart previously developed within the Asclepios team.

Figure 17. Torso representation used for personalizing cardiac electrical parameters from non-invasive observations.