Overall Objectives
Research Program
Application Domains
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Partnerships and Cooperations
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Section: New Results

Memory Abstraction

Abstraction of arrays based on non contiguous partitions

Participants : Jiangchao Liu, Xavier Rival [correspondant] .

Abstract interpretation, Memory abstraction, Array abstract domains. In [19] , we studied array abstractions.

Array partitioning analyses split arrays into contiguous partitions to infer properties of cell sets. Such analyses cannot group together non contiguous cells, even when they have similar properties. We proposed an abstract domain which utilizes semantic properties to split array cells into groups. Cells with similar properties will be packed into groups and abstracted together. Additionally, groups are not necessarily contiguous. This abstract domain allows to infer complex array invariants in a fully automatic way. Experiments on examples from the Minix 1.1 memory management demonstrated its effectiveness.

Static analysis for unstructured sharing

Participants : Huisong Li, Bor-Yuh Evan Chang [University of Colorado, Boulder, USA] , Xavier Rival [correspondant] .

Abstract interpretation, Memory abstraction, Separation logic. In [18] , we studied the abstraction of shared data-structures.

Shape analysis aims to infer precise structural properties of imperative memory states and has been applied heavily to verify safety properties on imperative code over pointer-based data structures. Recent advances in shape analysis based on separation logic has leveraged summarization predicates that describe unbounded heap regions like lists or trees using inductive definitions. Unfortunately, data structures with unstructured sharing, such as graphs, are challenging to describe and reason about in such frameworks. In particular, when the sharing is unstructured, it cannot be described inductively in a local manner. In this work, we proposed a global abstraction of sharing based on set-valued variables that when integrated with inductive definitions enables the specification and shape analysis of structures with unstructured sharing.

Synthesizing short-circuiting validation of data structure invariants

Participants : Yi-Fan Tsai, Devin Coughlin, Bor-Yuh Evan Chang [University of Colorado, Boulder, USA] , Xavier Rival [correspondant] .

In [28] , we studied the synthesis of short-circuiting validators for data-structure invariants.

This work introduces incremental verification-validation, a novel approach for checking rich data structure invariants expressed as separation logic assertions. Incremental verification-validation combines static verification of separation properties with efficient, short-circuiting dynamic validation of arbitrarily rich data constraints. A data structure invariant checker is an inductive predicate in separation logic with an executable interpretation; a short-circuiting checker is an invariant checker that stops checking whenever it detects at run time that an assertion for some sub-structure has been fully proven statically. At a high level, our approach does two things: it statically proves the separation properties of data structure invariants using a static shape analysis in a standard way but then leverages this proof in a novel manner to synthesize short-circuiting dynamic validation of the data properties. As a consequence, this approach enables dynamic validation to make up for imprecision in sound static analysis while simultaneously leveraging the static verification to make the remaining dynamic validation efficient. This work has shown empirically that short-circuiting can yield asymptotic improvements in dynamic validation, with low overhead over no validation, even in cases where static verification is incomplete.