Overall Objectives
Research Program
Application Domains
Software and Platforms
New Results
Partnerships and Cooperations
XML PDF e-pub
PDF e-Pub

Section: New Results

DNS of a jet in crossflow: generation of a synthetic turbulent signal and coupling with characteristics based boundary conditions

The implementation of the boundary conditions for DNS of the flow configuration that consists of a jet issuing from an inclined cylindrical hole and discharging into a turbulent crossflow is investigated in the framework of our current participation in the Impact-AE EU funded program. First, a method allowing the generation of turbulent inflow that matches targeted statistics (mean velocity and Reynolds stress tensor components measured on the MAVERIC test facility) has been chosen. On the basis of a study of the main classic methods identified in the literature, it has been considered that the Synthetic Eddy Method (SEM) represents the best compromise between effectiveness and cost, from both a computation and a storage point of view. With this approach, eddy structures are created and injected at the inlet plane of the computational domain. These analytically defined structures are chosen in order to reproduce the most relevant ones present in a turbulent channel flow. The SEM implementation has been considered for (1) a basic form of SEM that does not differentiate the vortices in function of their distance to the wall, and (2) a more elaborated version of the method, denoted SEM-WB, where the inlet plane is split into different zones that accommodate different types of coherent structures according to what is observed in a turbulent boundary layer. In order to prescribe realistic turbulence statistics, the targeted mean velocity and Reynolds stress values of the SEM-WB method were obtained by performing dedicated PIV measurements on the MAVERIC test facility (UPPA). The basic form of the method gives quite satisfactory results. The values of some parameters of the SEM-WB method have still to be adjusted in order to achieve a better convergence rate towards the targeted statistics. In november 2013, the deliverable D2.211 (Confidential) documenting in details this methodology and the results obtained with the related module written in C++ has been issued by the team to the IMPACT-AE office. Assuming that the synthetic turbulent signal is generated in a satisfactory way, one is left with the set-up of the procedure necessary to incorporate this signal into a characteristics based method for handling the boundary conditions at the flow inlet(s). We have developed an approach that proved suitable, in a 1-D configuration so far, to accurately superimpose acoustics and turbulence while preserving the non reflective properties at the inlet boundary [5] .