## Section:
New Results2>
### Numerical anlaysis of Schrödinger equations3>
#### Absorbing boundary conditions4>

#### Absorbing boundary conditions4>

C. Besse continues his collaboration with X. Antoine (EPI Corida) and P. Klein. They construct in [3] some classes of absorbing boundary conditions for the two-dimensional Schrödinger equation with a time and space varying exterior potential and for general convex smooth boundaries. The construction is based on asymptotics of the inhomogeneous pseudodifferential operators defining the related Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator. Furthermore, a priori estimates are developed for the truncated problems with various increasing order boundary conditions. They propose in [34] some suitable discretization schemes of these ABCs and prove some semi-discrete stability results. Furthermore, the full numerical discretization of the corresponding initial boundary value problems is considered and simulations are provided to compare the accuracy of the different ABCs.

#### Semi-classical limit of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation4>

C. Besse works with R. Carles and F. Méhats (EPI Ipso). They consider in [36] the semiclassical limit for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. They introduce a phase/amplitude representation given by a system similar to the hydrodynamical formulation, whose novelty consists in including some asymptotically vanishing viscosity. They prove that the system is always locally well-posed in a class of Sobolev spaces, and globally well-posed for a fixed positive Planck constant in the one-dimensional case. They propose a second order numerical scheme which is asymptotic preserving. Before singularities appear in the limiting Euler equation, they recover the quadratic physical observables as well as the wave function with mesh size and time step independent of the Planck constant. This approach is also well suited to the linear Schrödinger equation.

#### Analysis and numerical simulation of the Schrödinger equation4>

The linear or nonlinear Schrödinger equation with potential is one of the basic equations of quantum mechanics and it arises in many areas of physical and technological interest, e.g. in quantum semiconductors, in electromagnetic wave propagation, and in seismic migration. The Schrödinger equation is the lowest order one-way approximation (paraxial wave equation) to the Helmholtz equation and is called Fresnel equation in optics, or standard parabolic equation in underwater acoustics. The solution of the equation is defined on an unbounded domain. If one wants to solve such a whole space evolution problem numerically, one has to restrict the computational domain by introducing artificial boundary conditions. So, the objective is to approximate the exact solution of the whole-space problem, restricted to a finite computational domain. A review article [45] was written this year to describe and compare the different current approaches of constructing and discretizing the transparent boundary conditions in one and two dimensions. However, these approaches are limited to the linear case (or nonlinear with the classical cubic nonlinearity: an article written was dedicated to this case this year [49] ) and constant potentials. Therefore, in collaboration with X. Antoine (IECN Nancy and Inria Lorraine), we proposed to P. Klein to study, in her PhD thesis, the case of the Schrödinger equation with variable potentials. The study of the non-stationary one-dimensional case has already led to one publication [46] and some preliminary results in the stationary case are really promising. These cases are relevant since for example the equations appear in the Bose Einstein condensate with a quadratic potential.

This problem is obviously not limited to the Schrödinger equation and new developments are in progress on the Korteweg de Vries equation with M. Ehrhardt. This equation is more difficult to study due to its third order derivative in space.

Dispersive equations, such as the Schrödinger equation are also considered as boundary-value problems. For example, in [60] , G. Dujardin studies the long time asymptotics of the solutions of linear Schrodinger equations considered as initial-boundary value problems on the half-line and on bounded intervals when the boundary data are periodic functions of time. G. Dujardin obtains theoretical results using a transformation method introduced by T. Fokas and provides several numerical experiments to support them.