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Section: New Results

Collision avoidance and motion planning

Collision analysis for a UAV

Participants : Anna D├ęsilles, Hasnaa Zidani.

The Sense and Avoid capacity of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) is one of the key elements to open the access to airspace for UAVs. In order to replace a pilot's See and Avoid capacity such a system has to be certified "as safe as a human pilot on-board". The problem is to prove that an unmanned aircraft equipped with a S&A system can comply with the actual air transportation regulations. A paper in progress aims to provide mathematical and numerical tools to link together the safety objectives and sensors specifications. Our approach starts with the natural idea of a specified "safety volume" around the aircraft: the safety objective is to guarantee that no other aircraft can penetrate this volume. We use a general reachability and viability concepts to define nested sets which are meaningful to allocate sensor performances and manoeuvring capabilities necessary to protect the safety volume. Using the general framework of HJB equations for the optimal control and differential games, we give a rigorous mathematical characterization of these sets. Our approach allows also to take into account some uncertainties in the measures of the parameters of the incoming traffic. We also provide numerical tools to compute the defined sets, so that the technical specifications of a S&A system can be derived in accordance with a small set of intuitive parameters. We consider several dynamical models corresponding to the different choices of maneuvers (lateral, longitudinal and mixed). Our numerical simulations show clearly that the nature of used maneuvers is an important factor in the specifications of sensor's performances.