Section: New Results
Medical Image Computing in Multiple Sclerosis
Automatic Segmentation of lesions and Normal Appearing Brain Tissues (NABT) in patients with Multiple Sclerosis
Participants : Daniel Garcia-Lorenzo, Jeremy Lecoeur, Gilles Edan, Jean-Christophe Ferré, Christian Barillot.
Graph Cuts have been shown as a powerful interactive segmentation technique in several medical domains.We propose to automate the Graph Cuts in order to automatically segment Multiple Sclerosis (MS) lesions in MRI. We replace the manual interaction with a robust EM-based approach in order to discriminate between MS lesions and the Normal Appearing Brain Tissues (NABT). Evaluation is performed in synthetic and real images showing good agreement between the automatic segmentation and the target segmentation. We compare our algorithm with the state of the art techniques and with several manual segmentations. An advantage of our algorithm over previously published ones is the possibility to semi-automatically improve the segmentation due to the Graph Cuts interactive feature  .