Team Smash

Overall Objectives
Scientific Foundations
Application Domains
New Results
Contracts and Grants with Industry

Section: Application Domains


About 15 years ago, working on the physics of detonation waves in highly energetic materials, we discovered a domain where flow conditions were extreme. Numerical simulations in detonation conditions were a true challenge. The mathematical models as well as numerical methods must be particularly well built. The presence of material interfaces was posing considerable difficulties.

During the years 90–95, we have investigated open and classified litterature in the domain of multimaterial shock-detonation physics codes. We came to the conclusion that nothing was clear regarding mixture cells . These mixture cells are a consequence of the numerical diffusion or cell projection of flow variables at contact discontinuites.

Thus, we have developed our own approach. On the basis of multiphase flow theory, revisited for a correct treatment of waves dynamics, we have proposed to solve mixture cells as true multiphase mixtures. These mixtures, initially out of equilibrium, were going to relax to mechanical equilibrium with a single pressure and velocity.

From this starting point, many extensions have been done, most times initiated by applications connected to the Defense domain. Collaborations have never stopped with these specialized laboratories since 1993. Applications have also been done with Space, Automotive, Oil, Nuclear engineering domains. International projects have started with the US and Korea.

From the technology developed in the Defense area, important applications are now coming for Space industry (CNES and SNECMA). The aim is to restart the Ariane cryogenic engine several times, for orbit change. Restarting a cryogenic engine is very challenging as the temperature difference between cryogenic liquid and walls is about 300K. Stiff phase change, cavitation, flashing in ducts and turbopumps are expected. These phenomena have to be particularly well computed as it is very important to determine the state of the fluids at the injection chamber. This is crucial for the engine ignition and combustion stability.

From a modeling point of view, our models and methods are aimed to replace the technology owned by space laboratories, taken 10 years ago from nuclear laboratories.

To deal with these industrial relations, the startup RS2N has been created in 2004 on the basis of the Innovation Law of the Minister Claude Allègre.


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