Section: Scientific Foundations
Components and semantics
The primary foundations of the software component technology developed by Sardes relate to the component-based software engineering  , and software architecture  fields. Nowadays, it is generally recognized that component-based software engineering and software architecture approaches are crucial to the development, deployment, management and maintenance of large, dependable software systems  . Several component models and associated architecture description languages have been devised over the past fifteen years: see e.g.  for an analysis of recent component models, and  ,  for surveys of architecture description languages.
To natively support configurability and adaptability in systems, Sardes component technology also draws from ideas in reflective languages  , and reflective middleware  ,  ,  . Reflection can be used both to increase the separation of concerns in a system architecture, as pioneered by aspect-oriented programming  , and to provide systematic means for modifying a system implementation.
The semantical foundations of component-based and reflective systems are not yet firmly established, however. Despite much work on formal foundations for component-based systems  ,  , several questions remain open. For instance, notions of program equivalence when dealing with dynamically configurable capabilities, are far from being understood. To study the formal foundations of component-based technology, we try to model relevant constructs and capabilities in a process calculus, that is simple enough to formally analyze and reason about. This approach has been used successfully for the analysis of concurrency with the -calculus  , or the analysis of object-orientation  . Relevant developments for Sardes endeavours include behavioral theory and coinductive proof techniques  ,  , process calculi with localities  ,  ,  , and higher-order variants of the -calculus  ,  .