Overall Objectives
Scientific Foundations
Application Domains
New Results

Section: Application Domains

Palliative solutions for movement deficiencies

Functional electrical stimulation is one possibility to restore or control motor functions in an evolutive and reversible way. Pacemaker, cochlear implants, deep brain stimulation (DBS) are successful examples. DEMAR focuses on movement disorder restoration in paraplegic and quadriplegic patients, enhancements in hemiplegic patients, and some other motor disorders such as bladder and bowel control. Nevertheless, since some advances in neuroprosthetic devices can be exploited for the next generation of cochlear implants, the team also contributes to technological and scientific improvements in this domain.

The possibility to interface the sensory motor system, both activating neural structure with implanted FES, and sensing through implanted neural signal recordings open a wide application area:

To achieve such objectives, experimentations in animals and humans are necessary. This research takes therefore a long time in order to go from theoretical results to real applications. This process is a key issue in biomedical research and is based on: i) design of complex experimental protocols and setups both for animals and humans, ii) ethical attitude both for humans and animals, with ethical committee approval for human experiments iii) volunteers and selected, both disabled and healthy, persons to perform experiments with the adequate medical staff.


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