Section: Application Domains
Objective quantification and understanding of movement disorders
One main advantage of developping a model based on a physical description of the system is that the parapeters are meaningful. Therefore, these parameters when identified on a given individual, give objective and quantitative data that characterize the system and thus can be used for diagnosis purposes.
Modelling provides a way to simulate movements for a given patient and therefore based on an identification procedure it becomes possible to analyse and then understand his pathology. In order to describe complex pathology such as spasticity that appears on paraplegic patients, you need not only to model the biomechanics parts - including muscles -, but also parts of the peripheral nervous system - including natural sensors - to assess reflex problems. One important application is then to explore deficiencies globally due to both muscles and peripheral neural nets disorders.