Section: Scientific Foundations
Starting Digiplante at INRIA
Derived from the AMAP model developed in the 1990s at CIRAD, GreenLab's new formulation was introduced at LIAMA (Beijing) in 2000, through the GreenLab Associated team with INRIA. Today, the model is studied and improved through the DigiPlant research team that is a joint team of researchers from INRIA, CIRAD and Ecole Centrale Paris, and hosted by INRIA. Some very close partnerships exist with LIAMA, China Agriculture University, Wageningen University, and INRA.
As the GreenLab model is developped and tested in Digiplante, Liama and in Cau, with strong interactions (International exchanges, common publications and Phd), under the guidance of Philippe de Reffye, it is not sensible to isolate Digiplante from its working context, because it shares the scientific foundations and the applications with the other laboratories. Overall objectives
Our approach to develop the mathematical model of plant growth strongly relies on the plant organization described according to Botany. This leads to relevant choices in order to obtain an efficient method of factorization based on plant instantiations. Plant development purely concerns Organogenesis, i.e. the number of organs. Growth depends on photosynthesis that insures organ creation and expansion. We consider here the case without interactions between organogenesis and photosynthesis. On the common assumption of the existence of a global pool of reserves, it is not necessary to consider local conditions and we can distinguish 3 steps to control plant development and growth.
Computing the organogenesis. This step can be performed independently on the photosynthesis. It provides the number of organs produced by the buds.
Computing photosynthesis. This step needs the Organogenesis results that provide the total plant demand i.e. the sum of sinks. The number and sizes of leaves can be computed and the resulting biomass production can be shared between the different organs according to their sinks to insure their expansion. The yield is thus computed according to the sizes and the weights of the different organs produced.
Building the plant architecture for visualization or to study plant interaction with the environment. This last step needs the results of the two previous ones. It needs numerous geometrical operations.
For most applications in Agronomy only the first two steps are necessary, and no geometry is required.