Inria / Raweb 2004
Project-Team: Eiffel

Search in Activity Report, year 2004:


Project-Team : eiffel

Section: Overall Objectives

Keywords: cognitive ergonomics, cognitive psychology, cognitive processes, collective design, individual design, cooperation, reuse, knowledge management and capitalization, viewpoints, design methodology, design tools, cooperative systems, argumentation, distant mediated cooperation.

Overall objectives

The Eiffel team is a joint research group comprising members from INRIA (National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control) and CNAM (National Conservatory of Industrial Arts and Crafts). The objectives of the team are to model cognitive and cooperative processes involved in design activities and to assess and specify tools and methodologies that support design.

Generally, studies on reasoning in design have been carried out on individual problem-solving activities. More recent studies have shifted their focus in response to the increasing need to assist collective work in an industrial context. Major concerns in industrial modernization include: the creation of new organizations that support collective work, greater interaction between designers and manufacturers and capitalization and reuse of design knowledge.

Therefore, the methodology used in conducting design projects is thus becoming a key issue. However, models of individual and collective design activities are not taken into account in current methodologies, causing problems that are measurable in terms of cost, efficiency and productivity. Taking cognitive models of individual and collective reasoning into consideration appears therefore to be essential in order to specify and assess the methodologies and more generally the systems that support design. The contribution of Cognitive Sciences, in particular Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics, is becoming crucial for handling and improving the design process.

Our research topics are organized into three main axes.