Team Pop Art

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Software
New Results
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Section: New Results

Static Analysis and Abstract Interpretation

Participants : Xavier Briand, Bertrand Jeannet [ contact person ] .

Combining control and data abstraction in the verification of hybrid systems

We have studied the verification of hybrid systems built as the composition of a discrete software controller interacting with a physical environment exhibiting a continuous behavior. Our goal is to attack the problem of the combinatorial explosion of discrete states that may happen if a complex software controller is considered. We propose to extend an existing abstract interpretation technique, namely dynamic partitioning, to hybrid systems. Dynamic partitioning, which shares some common principles with predicate abstraction, allows us to finely tune the tradeoff between precision and efficiency in the analysis.

We have extended the NBac tool (Section  5.1 ) according to these principle, and showed the efficiency of the approach by a case study that combines a non trivial controller specified in the synchronous dataflow programming language Lustre with its physical environment.

A Relational Approach to Interprocedural Shape Analysis

This work addresses the verification of properties of imperative programs with recursive procedure calls, heap-allocated storage, and destructive updating of pointer-valued fields, i.e., interprocedural shape analysis. It presents a way to apply some previously known approaches to interprocedural dataflow analysis — which in past work have been applied only to a much less rich setting — so that they can be applied to programs that use heap-allocated storage and perform destructive updating.

This year we have extended the work in the conference paper [70] and we have submitted a journal paper to TOPLAS, which has been accepted in October [15] .

This work has been done in collaboration with T. Reps (Univ. of Madison-Wisconsin), M. Sagiv (Univ. of Tel-Aviv) and A. Loginov (GrammaTech).

Relational interprocedural analysis of concurrent programs

We have studied the extension of the relational approach to interprocedural analysis of sequential programs to concurrent programs, composed of a fixed number of threads.

In the relational approach, a sequential program is analyzed by computing summaries of procedures, and by propagating reachability information using these summaries. We propose an extension to concurrent programs, which is technically based on an instrumentation of the standard operational semantics, followed by an abstraction of tuple of call-stacks into sets. This approach allows us to extend relational interprocedural analysis to concurrent programs. We have implemented it for programs with scalar variables, in the ConcurInterproc online analyzer (see Section  5.5.3 ).

We have experimented several classical synchronisation protocols in order to investigate the precision of our technique, but also to analyze the approximations it performs.

We have published a research report  [33] on these results.


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